Eucalyptus is now cultivated in Nepal and growing extensively in many Terai regions (low lands) of Nepal. Introduced in Nepal some 50-60 years ago in the Terai and at lower altitudes, there are some quite promising Eucalyptus (Eucalyptus camaldulensis) plantations in the lower plains of the Himalayas.
The main leaf oil constituents were p-cymene (42.1%), eucalyptol (1,8-cineole) (14.1%), α-pinene (12.7%) and α-terpinol (10.7%). The main constituents of the fruit oil were eucalyptol (1,8-cineole) (34.5%), p-cymene (30.0%), α-terpinol (15.1%) and α-pinene (9.0%).
The essential oil of Eucaliptus camaldulensis is one of the popular components of traditional medicine.
The oil has a good deal of antimicrobial property.
The oil, when used with other antimicrobials, synergizes its antimicrobial characteristics.
The essential oil is beneficial to fight against pathogens that are resistant to more than one drug.
When inhaled in a small amount is useful for treating respiratory problems.
This oil has been beneficial in inhibiting the production of gastric acid; therefore it helps to treat gastric ulcers.
The Eucalyptus Essential oil has anti-inflammatory and analgesic characteristics; as a result, it is used to reduce pain.
It is well known for its larvicidal activity, which helps stop the spread of mosquito, especially Anopheles stephenssi.
Traditionally, it was used for colds, as a decongestant, to relieve asthma and fevers, for its bactericidal and antiviral actions, to ease aching joints. The leaves and oil are predominantly used in inhalation preparations. Additionally, eucalyptus is an effective natural insect repellant and antiseptic.
The Eucaliptus Camaldulensis essential oil has been used for generations in herbal remedies. Likewise, the oils antiseptic, anti-inflammatory, and antipyretic properties have made it very useful for everyday life. The plant has been used to treat gastrointestinal ailments, such as colic, diarrhea, and dysentery. Likewise, it has helped treat respiratory diseases, from colds, coughs, and asthma to sore throat and trachalgia.
The essential oil, when used carefully, can stop bleeding, heal wounds and, relieves spasms as well as muscle, joint, and tooth pains.
The pleasant scent of the Eucalyptus helps to soothe mind and body. It also aids in concentration. Cools down the emotions and stimulates the senses.
The oil also has insecticidal, anti-parasitic, and repellent characteristics. It has been proven an excellent larvicidal against two mosquito species–Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. Likewise, it is known to deter adult females of Culex pipiens.