Cymbopogan flexuosus is a perennial medicinal & aromatic herb with a carminative and insect repellent. Lemongrass is widely cultivated in the tropics and subtropics that grows up to 3m tall. Leaves are linear-lanceolate, 125 cm long and 1.7 cm broad. Flowers are grayish or grayish-green; however, they are occasionally purple-tinged, in drooping panicles
Lemongrass oil is a cultivated, essential oil. It is widely used as medicinal and cosmetic purposes. This essential oil is obtained by steam distillation of the whole plants of Cymbopogan flexuosus. The freshly cut whole plant is used to manufacture lemongrass essential oils. Lemongrass is used in herbal teas and other nonalcoholic beverages in baked goods, and confectionaries. Oil from Lemongrass is widely used as a fragrance in perfumes and cosmetics, such as soaps and creams. The quality of lemongrass oil is generally determined by the content of citral, the aldehyde responsible for the lemon odour.
The essential oil of Lemongrass contains Citral A and Citral B as a significant component. Other components of the oil are ά and β-pinene, camphene, limonene, linalol, nerol, geraniol, and Geranyl Acetate.
Lemongrass essential oil is rich in antioxidants, which helps to fight toxic free radicals, thus reduces the process of ageing.
This essential oil is not only effective in stopping the growth of bacteria but also kills those resilient ones who are resistant to antibiotics.
This oil is well known for aromatherapy, especially for inducing relaxation. The pleasing effect of the oil helps to regulate blood pressure and relieving tension even for a while.
The oil is palatable and provides exemplary care against stomach related illnesses. Besides relieving pain in the stomach, it can also offer a great relief on diarrhoea.
Lemongrass essential oil has helped treat high cholesterol in the blood. Thus it is beneficial in managing heart diseases.
Next, the oil has been effective against fungi related ailments. Due to its anti-fungal nature, the topical use of the oil inhibits the growth of fungus and even kills them.
The anti-inflammatory characteristics of the oil are much admired for its excellent effects against rheumatoid arthritis.
The oil also helps to treat people with type 2 diabetes by reducing blood sugar. Besides lowering blood sugar levels, it can also change the lipid parameters and increases High-Density Lipids (good) cholesterol.
The Plant is aromatic, stimulant, diaphoretic, anthelmintic, and laxative. Leaves are chewed to cure sore gums. Oil is also used as an insect repellent.
Medicinal & Aromatherapy use:
Athlete’s foot, insect repellent, scabies, muscular aches and pains, poor circulation, insufficient milk in breastfeeding mothers, colitis, indigestion, fevers, infections illness, headaches, nervous exhaustion, and other stress-related disorders.
The essential oil is used as a fragrance in perfumes and cosmetics, such as in soaps and creams. Citral, extracted from the oil, is used in flavouring soft drinks in scenting soaps and detergents, as a fragrance in perfumes and cosmetics, and as a mask for disagreeable odours in several industrial products.
Lemongrass is used in herbal teas and other nonalcoholic beverages in baked goods, and confections.