Valeriana officinalis is a perennial and erect herb with velvet-hairy to hairy.; root yellowish-brown, 1.5-3cm long, 1-2 mm thick; rhizome, yellowish to brownish, 2.7-6 cm long and 5-10 mm thick, sub-cylindrical. Leaves radical persistent, stalked, cordate-ovate, acute, toothed. Flowers are in a terminal cluster, white or pink-tinged, borne on erect nearly leafless stem. Fruits are small with persistent pappus like a calyx.
Valerian oil is a high value wildcrafted essential oil with its exceptional medicinal and aromatic values. The oil is obtained through the distillation of rhizome and roots, which are aromatic, stimulant, carminative, and antiseptic. Rhizome and roots of valerian are collected from the altitude of 1500-3300m throughout Nepal’s hillside in forested areas. Valerian is recommended for the treatment of insomnia. It stimulates the central nervous system and reduces spasms and anxiety. Valerian oil has been medicinally used to treat trembling, delirium tremens, headaches, and heart palpitations.
A peculiar fragrance of Valerian essential oil promotes feelings of relaxation and reduces occasional restlessness.
This oil is an ideal bedtime companion for massaging feet that triggers a much needed moment of peace.
As a dominant herb with great sedative qualities, Valerian essential oil is a safe and effective natural solution to stress and sleep disorders, such as insomnia.
Valerian oil is an excellent tranquilizer to the nervous system; therefore, it reduces anxiety.
The calming effect of the oil reduces the stress hormones that can increase heart rate. Valerian essential oil lowers stress symptoms, which can further cause high blood pressure.
The Valerian improves the severity of the cramping due to menstruation. Also, it helps to lower pain by reducing cortisol in the body.
Both root and oil are used in medicine.
Valerian roots are bitter, acrid, astringent, alexiteric, and useful in hysteria, epilepsy, colic, cholera shell shock, jaundice, asthma, etc. Roots and rhizomes are useful in hysterical fits, other nervous disorders, and flatulence. Roots are used in afflictions of eyes and blood and enlargement of the liver and spleen. Root paste is applied to treat headaches and eye problems.
Oil extracted from the rhizome is use in cosmetics industries. Valerian reduces insomnia, mild anxiety or restlessness, muscle spasms, and cramping, menstrual cramps, intestinal cramping/colic.
Valerian Essential Oil is known for its great sedative qualities, reliable and useful for lowering stress and enhancing sleep. This essential oil has been known to possess sedative, hypotensive, anti-spasmodic, and hypnotic characteristics. Valerian is used to reducing the amount of time taken to fall asleep by about 15 to 20 minutes. Likewise, its use in improving sleep quality is also widely acclaimed.
Furthermore, Valerian essential oil is used against Nervous Tension, migraine, and nervous indigestion.
Valerian is also used to treat menopausal symptoms. When used with an expert’s advice, it can reduce both the severity as well as the occurrence of hot flashes in postmenopausal women. Additionally, Valerian essential oil has been used against depression, menstrual disorders, Premenstrual disorders (PMS), restlessness, and stress.